There are many different ways to sharpen images in Photoshop, such as the standard “Sharpen”, “Smart Sharpen” and “Unsharp Mask” filters.
I want to show you how to use a “High Pass” filter for easy and effective sharpening. Below is the photo that I will use to demonstrate the technique.
Step 1 – Duplicate layer
Open up the image in Photoshop and duplicate the layer. You can do this by right-clicking on the “Background” layer and selecting “Duplicate Layer”, or you can use the shortcut. Ctrl + J (Windows) / Cmd + J (Mac)
Step 2 – Apply High Pass Filter
Select the new layer, you just created. Go to Filter > Other > High Pass to add the effect to the new layer.
A dialog box will pop-up with a radius option. This will determine the amount of sharpness you will be adding to your image.
In most cases, I find that somewhere between 1,5 and 5,0 does the trick. It all depends on the image itself. In this case, I want to sharpen the individual hairs and eye. Once you feel like you have the right amount of sharpening, click OK.
Step 3 – Blending the new layer to the Background layer
With the new layer selected, you want to click on the Blending Mode drop-down box.
Select the “Overlay” blending mode.
Step 4 – Adjust the strength of the High Pass Filter
You can adjust the strength of the High Pass filter by changing the opacity of the layer.
The final result is a much sharper image than what you had before.
Step 5 – Bonus Step
If you are happy with your image after step 4, you can save your image and call it a day. But, this High Pass filter method of sharpening can go one step further to the point where you selectively sharpen only the areas that you need to sharpen.
You can do this by applying a layer mask, to the duplicate layer with the High Pass filter applied to it, by clicking on the “add layer mask” icon.
Make sure that the background of the layer mask is set to black. If your layer mask is set to white you can invert it by double-clicking on the layer mask and selecting “Invert”. (Invert shortcut – Ctrl + i (Windows) or Cmd + i (Mac).
You can also press and hold “Alt” + click on the layer mask to create a black layer mask.
Select the brush tool (Shortcut: B)
Set your brush colour to white and “paint” in the areas that you would like to sharpen.
Your layer mask will look something like this:
Right-click on any of the layers and select “Flatten Image”. Now your sharpened image is ready to be saved or exported in any format you should choose.
Now remember, sharpening isn’t going to fix a blurry shot, it’s only going to make an already sharp image look pin-sharp. As you probably already know (as with anything else), moderation is key! Over-sharpening an image can destroy it and make it look awful. But with the right amount of sharpening, you can really bring an image to life.
If you give this sharpening technique a try, feel free to tweet a before and after pic to @outdoorphotoza and @MotionFactoryM!
- To show layer mask – Alt + Shift + click on layer mask.
- When painting the mask – make sure the brackets (indicating which layer is selected) are around the mask and not on the picture itself