As promised, and as a continuation of my previous post “Shooting Wildlife Composites“, I will go through the post processing workflow on how to combine and stitch your composite images into the beautiful product you envisaged.

The following workflow will include the use of Adobe’s Lightroom 5 and Photoshop CS6. This software has a number of versions and there are multiple other programs in which you can complete similar steps to achieve the same result. The software and processes I’m using here are just the ones that work for me and hopefully will be of some use to you.

I will use these 4 images as examples in the following workflow:

crocodile lying on rock in sun
partial image of crocodile body
partial image of crocodile tail
crocodile tail



The first thing you need to do is to locate all the images that make up your composite. These may be as few as two images up to any amount you might like. The largest composite I have created involved 86 images, so the possibilities are endless.

Once you have selected all the images, add them to a collection/quick collection in Lightroom for easy access.



Now that you have located your images, identify which is the key image of the composite. Normally, this is the image that contains the main subject. In the case of the example provided, it is the image with the crocodile’s head. This is the image you will base your processing on. Once you have identified your main image, open it in the Develop module of Lightroom and begin making your basic adjustments. Be careful not to add any local adjustments, as this will be problematic later in the process; rather leave the more intricate processing for the end.

screenshot of image in lightroom



Now that we have processed the main image, we want to sync these develop settings with all the other images involved in your composite, in order for all the images to look the same in regards to colour, white balance, contrast etc.

First select the image you have just processed, then select all the other images involved in the composite. It should look something like this.

screenshot of images selected in Lightroom

Once you have all the images selected, click on the “Sync Settings” tab located at the bottom right hand corner of lightroom’s right hand side panel as in the image below.

screenshot of sync settings in Lightroom
Sync settings dialog box in Lightroom

Upon doing this, the “Synchronize Settings” dialog box will open. Select all of the relevant adjustments you previously made to your main image, then click the “Synchronize” button to apply the settings.

Step 4

Now that your images are all synchronized with the same develop settings, you are ready to send them to photoshop where they will be merged, blended and stitched.

Ensure all of the images involved are selected and right click on any one of the images. Go to “edit in” and click on “merge to panorama in photoshop”. This will open photoshop and the “photo merge” dialog box. In this dialog box, all you will need to do is make sure the layout is set to “auto” (which should be the default). Tick all three boxes at the bottom of the dialog box as indicated in the below image and click “ok”.

Screenshot of Photomerge dialog box in Photoshop

Photoshop will now go through a process to blend and stitch the images together.

Step 5

Once photoshop has completed its process, you should end up with something that looks like this.

Screenshot of images merged in photoshop

From here the first thing you will need to do is flatten the image. You do this by going to the “layer” tab at the top of photoshop and then going down and selecting “flatten image”. Your image will now look like this.

Flatten images screenshot in photoshop

Step 6


At this point you have a few options as to how to proceed in order to get rid of the empty white space created. I will explain three different techniques that will give you an idea of how this can be done. You can use these individually or in combination for your future composites.


Option 1


Crop away as much of the empty space a possible, or in this case, to a point you are pleased with the space and composition in the image. Be sure to flatten the image once again after you have cropped.


Screenshot of panoramic image in Photoshop

Option 2


Select the “clone” tool and clone in some of the remaining empty space as seen on the image below;

Example of cloning tool in photoshop

Option 3

Remove the last remaining blank space using the “rectangular marquee” tool as seen below;

screenshot of rectangular marquee tool in photoshop

As soon as you have selected the area, hit the delete or backspace key on your keyboard. A “fill” dialog box will open. Make sure that under the content section, the “use” is set to content-aware and that blend mode and opacity are set to normal and 100%. Then click on “ok”.

screenshot of Fill dialog box in photoshop

Once the process is complete, the blank space will be filled in. This tool (option 3) does not always produce a perfect result, however in this case, it has worked relatively well. You can now clean up any blemishes or unfilled areas with the clone tool and complete any further or required processing.

Screenshot of complete panoramic image in photoshop

You now have your final image, click “save”, not “save as” and your image will automatically be saved back to your hard drive as well as to your lightroom catalogue.

Composite image of crocodile lying on a rock